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What Does The Bible Say About Depression

What does the bible say about depression? Feelings of stress go with being human. The Bible presents life as a process of suffering before glory, just as the Lord Jesus Christ first suffered on the cross and then went to His crown in heaven. Having the “blues” from time to time is expected. As Romans 8:23 says, “we believers also groan …” feel depressed, or extreme discouragement to the point of becoming disabled, has been experienced since the inception of sin. Several Bible characters displayed symptoms that probably would meet today’s diagnostic criteria for depression.

Hopelessness is a symptom of depression, and the biblical message of hope can offer us so much in contrast to a world that offers so little. All people, at times, face moments of extreme discouragement for a variety of reasons. No wonder, then, that the Word of God is filled with promises that can give all of us, no matter our situation, reasons to hope for a better future, if not in this world, then certainly in the next. Of course, when depression is severe, it’s important to get professional help. The Lord can work through these people to help those who need special care.

What does the bible say about depression? Feelings of stress go with being human. The Bible presents life as a process of suffering before glory...

After all, regardless of your relationship with God, were you physically ill, you would seek the help of a doctor or health professional. It’s the same with those suffering from severe clinical depression, which is often caused by a genetic predisposition and chemical imbalance in the brain. Thus, at times, even Christians might need the help of professionals.

What does the bible say about depression? David experienced severe mood alterations because of unfair persecution (Saul and Israel’s adversaries). In addition, his violation of God’s commandments brought about a deep sense of guilt (Ps. 51:4), and shame often is associated with depression. When one sees oneself negatively (“I am dumb”), looks at the world pessimistically (“life is always unfair”), and contemplates the future hopelessly (“it will never improve”), chances of depression become high. This attitude is called “catastrophic thinking.” Christians may opt for alternative ways to interpret things, a method that incorporates God’s plan and messages into the equation.

 

Consider the following alternatives:

  1. How to look at yourself. You were created in God’s image, to rule over creation (Gen. 1:26, 27). Jesus Christ, through His sacrifice, rescued you from eternal death and granted you privileges—chosen people, a royal priesthood, holy nation (1 Pet. 2:9, NIV). Before God’s eyes, you have infinite worth.
  2. The world. The world is indeed rotten and full of evil. At the same time, there also are many right, noble, and admirable things upon which (Phil. 4:8) to ponder. Furthermore, Christians can understand the existence of evil without despair, as they know its origin and ultimate fate.
  3. The future. God’s children! have an extraordinary destiny reserved for them. The Bible is full of promises with the assurance of salvation (Ps. 37:39).

 

What Does The Bible Say About Depression? 4 Causes 

Depression#1: Guilt- In the Psalms, King David speaks of depression. Phrases from Psalms 32 and 38 include: “I groaned all day long,” “and I walk around filled with grief,” and “my groanings come from an anguished heart.” In Psalm 51:12, David prays for the joy of his salvation to be restored. David’s adultery with Bathsheba had caused his depression and the cover-up that followed. Before he confessed his sin, David grew more and more depressed.

 Guilt is to the soul what pain is to the body. The symptom of pain means we have a problem that needs attention. Likewise, shame reveals we have a spiritual crisis that needs attention. David said, “when I refused to confess my sin, my body wasted away, and I groaned all day long” (Psalm 32:3-4). By contrast, David confessed his sins to God, and he returned to joy.

What does the bible say about depression? In Psalm 51:7, he prayed, “wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.” All of us have sinned. God is a just Judge who can not just let sins go unpunished. However, the Holy Judge also loves us and does not want to punish us. He sent His Son, the Lord Jesus Christ, to die on the cross in our place.

 He paid our penalty and defeated death by rising again. Our sins were placed on His moral and legal account when Christ died. When a person trusts Him as Savior, His righteousness is transferred to the believer’s account (or legal record). God as Judge looks upon a believer in Christ as being cleansed from sin.

 Through faith in Christ as Savior, they stand “legally” before God uncondemned and acquitted. The Bible’s term for this is “justification by faith.” (See Romans 5:1, 9.) If you have never placed your faith in Christ as Savior, guilt from unresolved sin is one of the hidden causes of your depression.

The answer is to pray to God the Father and trust His Son as Savior. You can accept His death on the cross as payment for sin. Then you need not feel guilty before God as Judge. Instead, you will have Christ’s righteousness transferred to your legal/moral standing before God. The answer to depression caused by guilt is “the joy of salvation.”

 

Depression#2: Anger- If we pause to reflect, we know from experience that anger often leads to depression. Anger seldom goes with joy in life. The Bible tells the story of two brothers named Cain and Abel. Cain was the first murderer in human history who killed his brother.

Genesis 4:5 has the phrase, “This made Cain very angry, and he looked dejected.” In other words, Cain’s anger brought on depression. The next step in his downward spiral was Cain’s violence against his innocent brother. Anger may be the most complex emotion. Not all anger is wrong.

Many have to read Ephesians 4:26 twice because it sounds like a misprint. This verse teaches, “Be angry and yet do not sin” (NASB). We would think it should read, “Be not angry.” However, sometimes it is righteous to be angry. Things are not always fair or proper. We might call this the “anger of God’s honor.”

When God’s holy standards for ethics are violated, we can become righteously angry. Yet, Ephesians 4:26 commands us not to let this righteous anger lead to sin even in these situations. Righteous anger can easily lead to hatred and an obsession for revenge. Instead, righteous anger should be channeled into a search to understand why God allowed the wrong in my life. Non-sinful anger should also motivate us to work to change the world for the better.

We must confess sinful anger to God as a sin for our emotional well-being. Many trivial insults and annoyances are not worth the resulting depression. A change in perspective on whether the irritant is worth stewing in depression helps. Those who confess the anger of self-importance as sin and those who refuse to stew in anger over details will have far less depression. You may be thinking, “my anger is righteous!” That may be true.

However, it is still true that we must try to let go of as many burdens as possible. Even if the other person does not deserve it, we will have less depression if we take a pass on offenses of a secondary nature. They are not worth the constant agitation and depression. The Bible says, “People with understanding control their anger; a hot temper shows great foolishness” (Proverbs 14:29).

 

Depression#3: Hatred- The story of Jonah is best known for his adventure within the belly of the great fish. Instead of preaching to the people in Ninevah, Jonah went to sea to escape God’s call. Jonah’s reason for not wanting to go on the mission was not laziness. He hated the people of Nineveh. In the past, they had attacked Israel, so it was okay with him if they never heard about salvation by faith in Israel’s God. He wanted them to die and go to hell.

What does the bible say about depression?  In the final chapter of the book of Jonah, Jonah is depressed to the point of suicide. One would think a preacher would be depressed because of a lack of response to his message. No, in Jonah’s case, he was depressed because Nineveh repented and was saved. The words are amazing. “So he complained to the Lord about it: ‘Didn’t I say before I left home that you would do this, LORD? That is why I ran away to Tarshish! I knew that you are a merciful and compassionate God, slow to get angry and filled with unfailing love.

 You are eager to turn back from destroying people. Just kill me now, LORD! I’d rather be dead than alive if what I predicted will not happen” (Jonah 4:2-3). Why was Jonah so depressed that he preferred death to life? His unique psychology was that he hated others so much it ruined his own life. Jonah was the case of a Jew who hated gentiles. Another Bible story connects depression with anti-Semitism.

The book of Esther tells the story of race hatred against the Jewish people. Haman was an evil tyrant who wanted to exterminate the Jews. Mordecai, Esther’s relative, was a godly Jewish man. To this day, Jewish people celebrate deliverance from Haman at the annual festival of Purim. Children dress in costumes and exchange gifts.

Whenever the name of Haman is read in the ceremony, Jewish boys and girls respond with a “hiss!” Haman told his wife he had “great wealth,” he had “many children,” he was “promoted” by the king above all others. However, all these advantages could not overcome depression. “But this is all worth nothing as long as I see Mordecai the Jew just sitting there at the palace gate” (Esther 5:13). Despite the blessings of life, Haman’s hatred undid them all, plunging him into depression. It is a grave mistake to think good emotions can arise from hatred.

What does the bible say about depression? Hatred brings depression whether the object is personally known or a vague unending hatred towards another people group. Jonah felt all gentiles should be damned. Haman felt all Jews should be dead. Both were depressed to the point of suicidal despair.

 

Depression#4 Perfectionism: Some with perfectionist tendencies have unrealistic expectations of self or the world. Excellence is indeed a virtue. God wants us to achieve and work hard. However, God loves each of us without conditions. His love is not based on intelligence, appearance, talent, riches, or performance.

What does the bible say about depression? All are made in the image of God. The Lord Jesus Christ loved you so much He died for you. If you trust in Him as Savior, you become a child of God. God, the Judge, looks at believers as clothed in the righteousness of Christ.

 Thus, the true motivation to achieve is not to find love and acceptance but because we are already precious to God. Society has things backward. It often bases our value on performance alone, not God’s view of human value. Often society judges others by false and impossible standards. Can you think of a situation or a person where pleasing them would be impossible? If we base our sense of value upon what such people think of us, we will feel depressed.

Yes, it is preferable to have people’s approval; but it is more important to please God and derive our sense of value from God. The standards by which God measures life are accessible to all. They are either given by grace or attainable by anyone who wants to develop a character like Jesus. Our underlying value is not based on superficial things out of our control, such as appearance, intelligence, talent, or strength. Moses is best known for the Ten Commandments.

 Yet, even Moses was so depressed by his perfectionist tendencies that he wanted to die. No matter how hard he worked, the children of Israel would not follow God. His perfectionist tendencies led him to take responsibility for other people’s disobedience. “I can’t carry all these people by myself!. . . go ahead and kill me” (Numbers 11:14-15). We should let God’s standards for value and excellence measure our worth and performance (not the world!).

After pleasing God, we can have less worry or depression about being acceptable to others. It is also important to accept our human limitations. God does. We do not possess all beauty, strength, talent, or intelligence. He loves us the way we are.

 In one movie, a Catholic priest at Notre Dame tells a potential football player to consider two indisputable facts: “there is a God. I am not He.” God knows human limitations. Striving to the point of depression is self-inflicted or society-inflicted. God loves us even within our limits.

Excellence will please God, but He already loves us for who we are. We should strive for excellence as God defines excellence, but failure to enjoy God’s acceptance and living by the world’s perfectionist expectations produces depression. So does a refusal to accept our human limits. “

 

What Does The Bible Say About Depression? 7 Best Scriptures

1 It is useless for you to work so hard from early morning until late at night, anxiously working for food to eat; for God gives rest to His loved ones” (Psalm 127:2).

2 “The Lord is close to the brokenhearted and saves those who are crushed in spirit” (Psalm 34:18, NIV).” If your heart is broken, you’ll find God right there; if you’re kicked in the gut, he’ll help you catch your breath”(MSG).”The Lord is close to all whose hearts are crushed by pain, and he is always ready to restore the repentant one.”(TPT)

3 Psalm 31:10(TPT)_ I’m exhausted! My life is spent with sorrow, my years with sighing and sadness. Because of all these troubles, I have no more strength. My inner being is so weak and frail.
(MSG)_ Be kind to me, God— I’m in deep, deep trouble again. I’ve cried my eyes out;I feel hollow inside. My life leaks away, groan by groan; my years fade out in sighs. My troubles have worn me out, turned my bones to powder.

4 Psalms 32:1-6(MSG)_Count yourself lucky, how happy you must be— you get a fresh start, your slate’s wiped clean. Count yourself lucky— God holds nothing against you and you’re holding nothing back from him. When I kept it all inside, my bones turned to powder, my words became daylong groans. The pressure never let up; all the juices of my life dried up.

Then I let it all out; I said, “I’ll come clean about my failures to God.” Suddenly the pressure was gone—my guilt dissolved, my sin disappeared. These things add up. Every one of us needs to pray; when all hell breaks loose and the dam bursts we’ll be on high ground, untouched.

(TPT)_ What bliss belongs to the one whose rebellion has been forgiven, those whose sins are covered by blood. What bliss belongs to those who have confessed their corruption to God! For he wipes their slates clean and removes hypocrisy from their hearts. Before I confessed my sins, I kept it all inside; my dishonesty devastated my inner life, causing my life to be filled with frustration, irrepressible anguish, and misery.
The pain never let up, for your hand of conviction was heavy on my heart. My strength was sapped, my inner life dried up like a spiritual drought within my soul.

Then I finally admitted to you all my sins, refusing to hide them any longer. I said, “My life-giving God, I will openly acknowledge my evil actions.” And you forgave me! All at once the guilt of my sin washed away and all my pain disappeared! This is what I’ve learned through it all: All believers should confess their sins to God; do it every time God has uncovered you in the time of exposing. For if you do this, when sudden storms of life overwhelm, you’ll be kept safe.

5 1 John 1:9(TPT)_ But if we freely admit our sins when his light uncovers them, he will be faithful to forgive us every time. God is just to forgive us our sins because of Christ, and he will continue to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

(MSG)_ If we claim that we’re free of sin, we’re only fooling ourselves. A claim like that is errant nonsense. On the other hand, if we admit our sins—simply come clean about them—he won’t let us down; he’ll be true to himself. He’ll forgive our sins and purge us of all wrongdoing. If we claim that we’ve never sinned, we out-and-out contradict God—make a liar out of him. A claim like that only shows off our ignorance of God.

6 Mic. 7:1–7(MSG)_ I’m overwhelmed with sorrow! sunk in a swamp of despair! I’m like someone who goes to the garden to pick cabbages and carrots and corn And returns empty-handed, finds nothing for soup or sandwich or salad. There’s not a decent person in sight. Right-living humans are extinct. They’re all out for one another’s blood, animals preying on each other. They’ve all become experts in evil.

Corrupt leaders demand bribes. The powerful rich make sure they get what they want. The best and brightest are thistles. The top of the line is crabgrass. But no longer: It’s exam time.

Look at them slinking away in disgrace! Don’t trust your neighbor, don’t confide in your friend. Watch your words, even with your spouse. Neighborhoods and families are falling to pieces. The closer they are—sons, daughters, in-laws—The worse they can be. Your own family is the enemy.

But me, I’m not giving up. I’m sticking around to see what God will do. I’m waiting for God to make things right. I’m counting on God to listen to me.

7 Revelation 21:2–4(TPT)_ I saw the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, descending out of the heavenly realm from the presence of God, like a pleasing bride that had been prepared for her husband, adorned for her wedding. And I heard a thunderous voice from the throne, saying: “Look! God’s tabernacle is with human beings. And from now on he will tabernacle with them as their God.

Now God himself will have his home with them_ ‘God-with-them’ will be their God! He will wipe away every tear from their eyes and eliminate death entirely. No one will mourn or weep any longer. The pain of wounds will no longer exist, for the old order has ceased.”

(MSG)_ I saw Holy Jerusalem, new-created, descending resplendent out of Heaven, as ready for God as a bride for her husband. I heard a voice thunder from the Throne: “Look! Look! God has moved into the neighborhood, making his home with men and women! They’re his people, he’s their God. He’ll wipe every tear from their eyes.

Death is gone for good—tears gone, crying gone, pain gone—all the first order of things gone.” The Enthroned continued, “Look! I’m making everything new. Write it all down—each word dependable and accurate.”

Sadness is not a sin. After all, look at how often Jesus felt sad. We mustn’t feel guilty because of sadness or depression. In some cases, we have good reasons to be hurting. How can you use the biblical truths stated above to help you cope with whatever struggles you face now?

 

 

 

 

Depression Sucks

 Depression doesn’t just hurt you; it also hurts everyone around you. There is nothing more depressing than talking to a person who is depressed, sometimes lasting weeks, months, and even years. Everything you suggest that might help, they return with a negative statement and attitude. You do your best to help them out of it, but it seems they have brought you down instead. But there is a cure.

When we’re miserable and think despairing and hopeless thoughts, we can dig our own grave. But by setting our minds upon the Lord, we come into a whole new state of consciousness. No longer one of total despair and hopelessness, but one of victory and hope. And that’s what Jeremiah did.

He changed his thought patterns from, “Oh, woe is me, and there’s no one to help me” to thinking, “Through the LORD’S mercies we are not consumed, because His compassions fail not. They are new every morning; Great is Your faithfulness” (Lamentations 3:22-23). You can get into this self-pity mode very quickly by concentrating upon yourself, but as you begin to think about the Lord, He will lift you out of the deepest depression.

Everyone feels depressive symptoms from time to time. But these days, more and more people are suffering from a low-grade depression that hangs on. Their day-to-day lives feel heavy from overwhelming, sad, anxious, or empty moods. Many people don’t even realize they are depressed because they’re so used to feeling this way. They think depression is more extreme than the sense of resignation or hopelessness they feel.

 

The Dictionary Describes Why Depression Sucks8 Top Reasons Why Depression Sucks You Must Know Instantly

Feeling pressed down, sad, gloomy, lower in spirits, dispirited; a condition of general emotional dejection and withdrawal; sadness greater and more prolonged than that warranted by any objective reason; a low state of functional activity.

When these feelings are ongoing, they can result in fatigue and loss of energy, problems with sleep, irritability and anxiety, poor concentration, difficulty making decisions, loss of pleasure or interest in daily activities, weight gain or loss, and problems in relationships communications. It’s important to realize that it’s normal for healthy people to have these feelings and experiences at different times. But if these moods occur together and often, it has crossed over into a major depression.

‘Everyone has negative thoughts, and everyone believes their negative thoughts sometimes. But not everyone develops depression or emotional suffering.’
ADRIAN WELLS

 

History Of Depression

Depression is a significant contributor to the global burden of disease and affects people in all communities worldwide. Today, depression is estimated to affect 350 million people. The World Mental Health Survey conducted in 17 countries found that about 1 in 20 people reported having an episode of depression in the previous year. Depressive disorders often start at a young age; they reduce people’s functioning and often are recurring. For these reasons, depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide in terms of total years lost due to disability.

The demand for curbing depression and other mental health conditions is rising globally. Depression is a common mental disorder with mood swings, loss of interest or pleasure, decreased energy, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, and poor concentration. Moreover, depression often comes with symptoms of anxiety. These problems can become chronic or recurrent and lead to substantial impairments in individuals’ ability to take care of their everyday responsibilities. At its worst, depression can lead to suicide.

 Almost 1 million lives are lost yearly due to suicide, translating to 3000 suicide deaths every day. For every person who contemplates suicide, 20 or more may attempt to end their life (WHO, 2012). A person can suffer from multiple variations of depression, with the most general distinction being depression in people who have or do not have a history of manic episodes. The depressive episode involves mood swings, loss of interest and enjoyment, and increased fatigability. Depending on the number and severity of symptoms, a depressive episode can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe.

Depression sucks. An individual with a mild depressive episode will have difficulty continuing with everyday work and social activities but will probably not cease to function. On the other hand, during a severe depressive episode, it is doubtful that the sufferer will be able to continue with social, work, or domestic activities, except to a minimal extent.

 Bipolar affective disorder typically consists of manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood. Manic episodes involve elevated mood and increased energy, resulting in over-activity, speech pressure, and decreased need for sleep. While depression is the leading cause of disability for both males and females, the burden of depression is 50% higher for females than males (WHO, 2008). Depression is the leading cause of disease burden for women in high-income and low- and middle-income countries (WHO, 2008).

Research in developing countries suggests that maternal depression may be a risk factor for poor growth in young children (Rahman et al., 2008). This risk factor could mean that maternal mental health in low-income countries may substantially influence development during childhood, with the effects of depression affecting this generation and the next. For decades, established psychotherapists have held firm to the assumption that depression is a biological disease of the brain and that a lack of the neurotransmitter serotonin primarily causes depressive symptoms.

As a result, for many years, many therapists have prescribed medication – so-called ‘happy pills’ – as the first step when patients have presented with depressive symptoms. Patients may also have been offered a consultation with a psychologist or psychotherapist trained in conversational therapy. The purpose of these conversations has been, in many cases, to map and process problems and trauma or to turn negative thoughts into more positive or realistic thoughts.

 However, groundbreaking new research shows that depression is a condition that the individual can essentially control. It occurs when we deal with negative thoughts and feelings in inappropriate ways. Therefore, we can reduce the risk of melancholy and depression by learning to relate to our negative thoughts and feelings more appropriately. We learned that it is a condition that strikes either because of an emotional crisis or chemical imbalance in the brain. There is no avoidance of depression in these assumptions.

It is nothing we can change. We have learned that depression arises according to the situation – no matter how we handle it. Despite this being a commonplace and firm opinion, new research shows that this is not how depression works. We all get scrapes and scratches on our bodies and souls throughout life. We experience crises, defeats, illnesses, and disappointments.

 We feel pain, grief, fear, sadness, frustration, and anger, but we don’t all become depressed. Why not? The answer is found in those strategies we each use whenever we face a crisis and negative thoughts. Some methods are so inappropriate that they lead us straight into depressive symptoms. Therapists have suggested that depressive symptoms and other mental illnesses hit us externally when life is painful. Treatment methods have, as a result, focused on processing the traumas and bad experiences believed to have accumulated in a person’s mind.

This was repeated in therapeutic circles when Adrian Wells and his colleague Gerald Matthews presented an entirely new model of the human mind in the early 1990s, after many years of research. They documented that, as a rule, the mind regulates itself; just as our body can often heal itself, so too can our psyche. Over thousands of years, the human body has developed the ability to heal wounds and bones after cuts and breaks.

We learned in childhood that after a fall from a bike, a bloody knee doesn’t continue to bleed for the rest of our lives. It heals wonderfully, without us having to do anything ourselves, and it happens relatively quickly. But if we pick, scratch, and rub at the wound, it won’t knit together. On the contrary, we risk making things worse by creating infection and scar tissue.

As Wells and Matthews’ research demonstrates, the same happens in our psyche. In the aftermath of an unpleasant or unhappy experience, such as a divorce, accident, or fire, thoughts will naturally focus on this experience. The experience will appear in our minds, repeatedly, several times a day, in the form of thoughts and images. Naturally, these thoughts and feelings will be negative and dominated by grief, fear, sadness, disappointment, and anger. Immediately after the bad experience, the psyche will hurt and suffer like a knee when the skin is scratched off.

 In the same way, our knee will heal if we resist picking at it, so will our mind if we refrain from fostering feelings by dwelling on them. Thoughts, images, and impulses visit us briefly but will disappear again if we don’t grab them, suppress them or otherwise try to deal with them. If we don’t keep them in the front of our mind for regular access, they will pass through like grains of sand in a sieve.

This new understanding puts an end to the earlier perception of the causes of depression. Because if we take the mind being able to heal itself as the starting point, then why do some people become depressed after a life crisis while others don’t? Wells challenged the widespread perception that unprocessed negative experiences contribute to depression.

He explained that everyone has negative thoughts sometimes, and everyone occasionally believes these negative thoughts, but not everyone develops a mental illness. Therefore, Wells and Matthews posed the question: if having negative experiences and thoughts does not in itself lead to depression, what does? What are the underlying factors that make a person depressed? Their research led to a metacognitive model of the human mind. 

 The S-REF model (Self-Regulatory Executive Function Model of Emotional Disorder) shows that the mind operates on three levels:

  1. A lower level is constantly hit by impulses, thoughts, and feelings. If we don’t engage these impulses, thoughts, and feelings, then they are fleeting and disappear again by themselves.
  2. A middle strategic level where we choose our strategies for dealing with our thoughts.
  3. This is an upper, metacognitive level that contains our knowledge of possible strategies.

 Everyone feels sad or low sometimes, but these feelings usually pass with a bit of time. Depression sucks (also called a major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is different. It can cause severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. It is an illness that can affect anyone— regardless of age, race, income, culture, or education.

  Research suggests that genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors play a role in depression. Depression may occur with other mental disorders and illnesses, such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and chronic pain. Depression sucks. It can make these conditions worse, and vice versa. Sometimes medications taken for these illnesses cause side effects that contribute to depression symptoms.

 Sadness is a normal and healthy response to any misfortune. The loss or expected loss elicits most, if not all, more intense episodes of sadness, either of a loved person or else of familiar and loved places or of social roles. A sad person knows who (or what) he has lost and yearns for his (or its) return. Furthermore, he is likely to turn for help and comfort to some trusted companion and somewhere in his mind to believe that with time and assistance, he will be able to re-establish himself, if only in some small measure. Despite great sadness, hope may still be present.

 Depression sucks. Should a sad person find no one helpful to whom he can turn, his hope will surely diminish; but it does not necessarily disappear. Re-establishing himself entirely by his efforts will be far more difficult, but it may not be impossible. His sense of competence and personal worth remains intact. Even so, there may well be times when he feels depressed.

It is a mood that most people experience on occasion is an inevitable accompaniment of any state in which behavior becomes disorganized, as it is likely to do after a loss: ‘So long as there is an active interchange between ourselves and the external world, either in thought or action, our subjective experience is not one of depression: hope, fear, anger, satisfaction, frustration, or any combination of these may be experienced.

Depression sucks. It is when interchange has ceased that depression occurs [and continues] until new patterns of interchange have become organized towards a new object or goal …’ Though painful and perhaps bewildering, such disorganization and the mood of depression that goes with it is nonetheless potentially adaptive. Until the patterns of behavior organized for interactions no longer possible have been dismantled, it is not feasible for new ways, organized for further interactions, to be built up.

It is characteristic of the mentally healthy person that he can bear with this phase of depression and disorganization and emerge from it after not too long with behavior, thought, and feeling beginning to be reorganized for interactions of a new sort. Here again, his sense of competence and personal worth remains intact.

 

 What Are The Different Types Of Depression?

Two common forms of depression are:

 1. Major depression, which includes symptoms of depression for at least two weeks, typically interferes with one’s ability to work, sleep, study, and eat.

2. Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) often includes less severe symptoms of depression that last much longer, typically for at least two years.

 

Other Forms Of Depression Include:

 · Perinatal depression occurs for a woman during pregnancy or after delivery (postpartum depression).

· Seasonal affective disorder comes with the seasons, starting in late fall and early winter and goes during spring and summer.

· Depression sucks with symptoms of psychosis, which is a severe form where a person experiences psychosis symptoms, such as delusions (disturbing, false fixed beliefs) or hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that others do not see or hear).

 Individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder (formerly called manic depression or manic-depressive illness) also experience it. Depression sucks. For more information about this mood disorder… 

 What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Depression?

Common symptoms of depression include:

· Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood

· Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism

· Feelings of irritability, frustration‚ or restlessness

· Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness

· Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies or activities

· Decreased energy, fatigue, or being “slowed down.”

· Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions

· Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping

· Changes in appetite or unplanned weight changes

· Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause and that do not ease even with treatment

· Suicide attempts or thoughts of death or suicide

 Depression sucks. It is a pervasive mental disorder in the world that affects us all. Unlike many large-scale international problems, a solution is always available. Efficacious and cost-effective treatments are available to improve the health and the lives of millions of people worldwide suffering from depression. 

 

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